- One who is reciting a blessing must sound out the words with his lips. Ideally, he should say the words loudly enough that they are audible to his own ears. After the fact, if the sound of the words did not reach his ears, he discharged his obligation. But if he only thought about the words, without sounding them out at all, he did not discharge his obligation (Shulchan Aruch and Mishnah BerurahOC 206).
2. When reciting a blessing over any item, whether on food or fragrance, the person should ideally hold the item in his right hand, and if he is left-handed, he should hold it in his left hand. After the fact, however, even if the person did not hold the item in his hand at all, and it was merely resting in front of him as he recited the blessing, he does discharge his obligation. (ibid.)