- There is an order of precedence when reciting a blessing before eating a food or drinking a beverage. The order is: 1) A food whose blessing is Hamotzie, even if made of oats or spelt; 2) Borei minei mezonos, “species of nourishment,” on a food made of wheat, barley, rye, oats and spelt [in that order]. [Some say that even rice comes before wine (Chessed L’Avraham)]; 3) Borie pri hagafen, “fruit of the vine,” on wine and grape juice; 4) fruit of the Seven Species, in this order — olives, dates, grapes, figs and pomegranates; 5) other fruit whose blessing is Borei pri ha-eitz, “fruit of the tree” ; 6) Borei pri ha-adama, “fruit of the ground”; 7) She-hakol nih-yeh bidvaro, “through Whose word everything came to be”(Mishnah Berurah 210).
2. This rule, that ha-eitz precedes ha-adama, applies when the person enjoys both of them equally. But if the person prefers the ha-adama more than the ha-eitz, he should recite the blessing on that item first, even if the other food (which he does not like as much) is one of the Seven Species. If both items are ha-adama, or both She-hakol, one should recite the blessing on the food that one enjoys more (ibid.). Some say that a fruit of the Seven Species always takes precedence over other fruit whose blessing is ha-eitz, even if that other fruit is the one he enjoys more (Ben Ish Chai, I, Matos).